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    Gusset

    Mai 13th, 2016

    A gusset is a triangular piece of fabric that is inserted into the seam of a garment to reinforce in and reduce stress on the seams. Gussets are used on garments that are tight fitting but have to provide free movement to the wearer. Gussets are most commonly used on shoulders, underarms, crotches and hems. Due to the elasticity of most modern fabrics gussets are not used as frequently as they used to be but can still be found in the crotch of most tights and tight fitting underwear.

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    Weave Fabric

    Mai 10th, 2016

    Weave fabrics consist of interlaced horizontal and vertical threads called the warp and weft. Weaving is an alternative method to knitting, felting or plaiting to create a textile fabric and has been used for fabric production since 7000 BC. A woven fabric can be created by hand or using a loom. Today, electronic looms are used and can produce large amounts of woven fabric in a short amount of time. The basic weaves are plain, satin and twill weave. Plain weave is characterized by a horizontal and vertical structure in the fabric, which is identical on both sides of the fabric. The satin weave has a different front and back side. The twill weave is characterized by a diagonal structure on both sides. Weaving and knitting are the most common forms of textile production.

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    Soy Fabric

    Mai 10th, 2016

    Soy fabric is a natural man-made fiber that is created from hulls of soy beans that are waste in the food production. Soy fabric is very soft with a silky feel, has a natural elasticity, dries quickly and is comfortable on the skin. It is therefore typically used for sportswear and tight fitting garments that are worn close to the skin. Soy fabric has recently gained strong popularity as it has a very small environmental footprint being bio-degradable and sustainable in production.

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    Polyamide (PA)

    Mai 10th, 2016

    Polyamide is a synthetic man-made fiber that is produced chemically and is used in fashion mostly as a substitute for wool and cotton and as an extremely durable fabric. Polyamide was first developed in the 1940’s in the US and was used for military parachutes before manufacturers started using it to produce nylon stockings. Polyamide is extremely durable and strong, it is very elastic, light-weight and dries quickly. It is mostly used for sports- and swimwear.

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    Acrylic (PAN)

    Mai 10th, 2016

    Acrylic is a synthetic man-made fiber that is produced chemically and is used in fashion mostly as a substitute for wool. Acrylic was first created in 1941 and became popular in the 1950’s. The fiber is cheaper than wool, stronger, holds color better, is very warm, soft, light and dries fast. It therefore is used for sweaters, hats, scarves and lining for gloves and boots. Acrylic is considered cheap, because it is often used as an alternative to soft, more expensive natural fibers such as cashmere and mohair.

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    Plissé

    Mai 10th, 2016

    A plissé fabric is a textile that is permanently pleated by using a combination of certain fibers that are treated with sodium hydroxide. Plissé fabric is typically made of light-weight textiles and is predominantly used in womenswear especially for dresses, skirts and blouses. Before the plissé-treatment the fabric can have any design or coloration. Because of the special treatment required for the permanent puckering, plissé fabrics are more expensive than regular fabrics.

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    Lyocell

    Juni 1st, 2015

    Lyocell is a natural fiber that is used to make yarn and fabric. It is typically used as a substitute for cotton. Lyocell is chemically extracted from wood and other similarly structured plants and is the most environmentally conscious fiber amongst cellulose-based fibers. Lyocell dries very quickly and is very durable. It is often mixed with other fibers such as silk, polyester and nylon and is used for conveyor belts, high-quality paper and medical dressings.

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    Modal

    Juni 1st, 2015

    Modal is a natural fiber that is used to make yarn and fabric. It is typically used as a substitute for cotton. Modal is won from the bark of beech trees in a chemical process that results in a durable yet soft fiber. Modal fabric carries moisture away from the body and dries quickly, which is why it is typically used for garments worn close to the skin such as t-shirts, underwear, towels and bedsheets.

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    Lurex

    Juni 1st, 2015

    Lurex is a polyester yarn, which is treated with vaporized aluminum, gold or silver to create a metallic effect. The name used for the yarn is the registered brand name of the company that exclusively produces this type of yarn. Lurex is used for eccentric garments such as costumes. The fabric made of lurex yarns is also commonly called lurex.

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    Brocade

    Juni 1st, 2015

    Brocade is a highly decorative, heavy and expensive satin weave fabric. It is made of silk, rayon or similar fibers, frequently in combination with gold or silver threads. Brocade became popular in the Middle Age in China, Japan, Korea and Greece and was worn by nobility and clergy. Today, it is used for expensive upholstery, drapery, gowns and coats and remains very expensive.

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