A Continuous Lean is an American lifestyle blog covering anything from interior to fashion design. Their motto: Keep it simple. More good, less bad.
A Détacher, fashion label and store in New York, founded 1998 by Mona Kowalska. A Détacher is a tiny high-end fashion boutique in New York’s Nolita that is known for edgy fashion sold next to artwork, furniture and other miscellaneous objects. Mona Kowalska is the designer and manager of A Détacher and runs the label with the help of two co-workers from designing to shipping. The Polish designer is known for her sophisticated, feminine and transformative fashion and shows her collections at New York Fashion Week. She sells her fashion at the store, online and through other boutiques such as Creatures of Comfort and Assembly New York. Her fashion is, as she says “for the lazy person, that wants to look nice”.
The fashion term 'A-Line' is mostly used to describe a certain type of clothing, usually a dress, skirt or coat that is shaped like the capital letter 'A'. It is slim-fitted at waist and flares away towards the knees. First interpreted and used by French couture designer Christian Dior in 1955, the A-Line works well on most figure types, but it is perfect for disguising bottom-heavy figures. See also Dior's H-Line & Y-Line.
A.L.C. - Andrea Lieberman Clothing, American Fashion Label, founded 2014 in New York. After graduating from the renowned fashion school Parsons in New York, Lieberman started her career in fashion working for other designers before opening her own store Culture and Reality, where she sold fashion inspired by her previous work travels. The store quickly became a New York fashion hot spot and Lieberman started to style clients. (more)
A. P. C., Atelier de Production et de Création, French ready-to-wear brand, founded 1987 by Jean Touitou. As a reaction to the loose fitting fashion considered trendy in the 1980s, designer Jean Touitou founded A.P.C., well known for their slim fit fashion. After opening their flagship store in Paris, the brand quickly gained recognition and expanded to many other fashion capitals such as New York, London and Hong Kong. The brand produces minimalistic high quality fashion with details inspired by military wear and little to no patterns or visible logos. A.P.C. is most well known for their slim fit Japanese selvedge jeans. Recently, A.P.C. has been in the news due to a collaboration with American Rapper Kanye West.
A.W.A.K.E, Russian fashion label, founded 2012 by Natalia Alaverdian. Before founding her label in 2012, Natalia Alaverdian worked in styling, art direction and photography. She held the role of fashion director at Harper’s Bazaar Russia for 5 years and continued to work in art and photography for the magazine for the following years. Her label A.W.A.K.E kept a rather low profile for the first two years, being featured in fashion magazines occasionally and seen in street style, but really became a household name after celebrity Kim Kardashian started wearing Alaverdian’s designs. Since then, the brand has gained more exposure and has been expanding. Alaverdian’s designs are conceptual and inspired by history, art and film yet are very commercial. A.W.A.K.E is best known for animal details and prints as well as sharp tailoring in coats and dresses.
Aalto University School of Arts, Design and Architecture, established 1871 in Helsinki. Aalto was established by joining the University of Art and Design and the faculty of architecture. Now it is the largest art university in the Nordic countries and has gained an international reputation. Over 2,000 students are taught “useful arts” in the areas of architecture, art, design, film and media. In the fashion and collection design program, students are guided through all processes of the fashion industry, ranging from production management to marketing.
Joseph Abboud, Lebanese-American menswear fashion designer and author, born 1950 in Boston, Massachusetts. Abboud started his fashion career as a 16-year-old working part-time at Louis Boston before graduating from the University of Massachusetts-Boston in 1972. The designer also worked for Ralph Lauren in 1981 as the associate director of the menswear collection before he established his own namesake menswear label in 1986.
Abercrombie & Fitch aka ANF is an American retailer, founded in Manhattan in 1892. It is widely known for its provocative marketing approach, featuring half naked male and female models as their salesclerks. Abercrombie & Fitch focuses on casual wear for consumers between 18 and 45.
Academy of Art University, founded in 1929 by Richard S. Stephens in San Francisco. First founded as a school for advertising art, by 1936 fashion illustration and fine arts were some of the additions to the school’s offering. AAU grew to be the largest private school for art and design in the US with over 18,000 students taught in 40 buildings in San Francisco’s financial district. The students are taught to make money with their creative skills by successful professionals working in the business.
Fashion accessories are mostly decorative items that you adapt with your outfit, such as handbags, sunglasses, jewelry, gloves, hats, belts, watches, scarves, bow ties, neckties and suspenders, only to mention a few. Not only create accessories a particular look, add color, style and class to an outfit but they also have practical functions. Hats for instance protect the face from weather elements as rain or snow, gloves keep the hands in the winter time warm and handbags are also perfect for carrying around necessary items.
Accordion pleats are a certain type of pleats that look like an accordion. It consists a full series of folds that is caused by a full circle of fabrics. First introduced in the 1880s by Loie Fuller, accordion pleats are seen in garments such as skirts, pants and dresses.
Haider Ackerman, French fashion designer, born in 1971. Ackermann founded his namesake womenswear ready-to-wear fashion line in 2001. His designs are known for his simple cuts, abstract work with leather, sophisticated look and avant-garde draping.
Acne Studios, Swedish fashion label, founded 1997 by Jonny Johansson in Stockholm. Acne Studios started out as a part of the creative collective ACNE which worked in film, graphic design, production and advertising in Stockholm. One of the co-founders Jonny Johansson decided to test a limited amount of raw denim jeans by giving them away to friends and family and thereby was discovered by the important fashion magazines Wallpaper and Vogue Paris, as the jeans had rapidly gained a large quantity of fans. (more)
Acrylic is a synthetic man-made fiber that is produced chemically and is used in fashion mostly as a substitute for wool. Acrylic was first created in 1941 and became popular in the 1950’s. The fiber is cheaper than wool, stronger, holds color better, is very warm, soft, light and dries fast. It therefore is used for sweaters, hats, scarves and lining for gloves and boots. Acrylic is considered cheap, because it is often used as an alternative to soft, more expensive natural fibers such as cashmere and mohair.
Adam Lippes, American fashion label, founded 2004 in New York by Adam Lippes. After studying Psychology at Cornell University, History and Architecture in Paris, Lippes began his fashion career working for Ralph Lauren and soon after for Oscar de la Renta. Here he quickly was recognized as an outstanding talent and was promoted to the creative director within only few years. During his time at Oscar de la Renta, Lippes started creating his own line “ADAM” which was a clean new approach in American sportswear. (more)
The term 'Add on' is used as the generic clause that depicts all additional things added to a piece of clothing. Hence, 'Add ons' range from regular buttons and zippers to beadings and feathers, just to name a few.
Adidas AG, German-based sports company and manufacturer. It consists of the Reebok sportswear company, TaylorMade-adidas golf company and Rockport. Besides offering a huge variety of sports footwear, the company also sells other sports related products such as sportswear, sport bags and accessories. The parent company of the Adidas Group is the largest sportswear manufacturer in Europe.
Advanced Style, fashion blog, created by Art Seth Cohen in 2008. Ari Seth Cohen has made it his mission to find the most stylish and fashionable elderly ladies and gentlemen on New York’s streets to interview and talk about fashion. He wants to prove, that style is accumulated with age and that we gain experience and learn about fashion more and more every day. His work has been featured in the New York Times, GQ and Vogue Magazine. Cohen has also filmed a documentary about Advanced Style which was presented at the film festivals in 2013.
AF Vandevorst, Belgium fashion label, founded by the husband-wife duo An Vandevorst and Filip Arickx in 1997. Their namesake main line AF Vandevorst is a complete women's ready-to-wear line comprising of handbags, shoes and accessories as well as a complimentary collection called: 'A friend' by AF Vandevorst, a line with more affordable prices.
agent 011, New York-based multi-label fashion showroom, founded in 2005 by Jeremy Lindberg and Veronica Cardenas. It not only represented high-fashion ready-to-wear collections from Dallin Chase, Obakki and Song but also cutting edge jewelry and accessories from Fenton & Fallon, Fiona Paxton, and shiny, super gloss, architectural shoes from New York-based designer Ruthie Davis. The Showroom went out of business in 2010.
Gaby Aghion, Egypt-born, French fashion designer, lived from 1921 to 2014. Aghion established her own fashion label called 'Chloé' in 1952 in Paris, France. She's been credited to have invented the phrase 'Prêt-a-Porter' which means 'Ready to wear' in English. Aghion remained the brand's Creative Director until 1985, when 'Chloé' was sold to the Richemont Group. Today, 'Chloe's' collection is diversified in ready-to-wear, children's wear, accessories and fragrances.
Alan Bilzerian, fashion retailer, founded 1967 by Alan Bilzerian in Worcester, USA. During the 1960’s, a time of change and liberation, Alan Bilzerian decided to provide New England with a fashion that matched the time. His first store “Body Shop” in Worcester offered hip designer clothing including printed corduroy and velvet shirts. Quickly he caught the attention of many artists and musicians, and became a household name amongst the fashion forward crowd. Bilzerian later opened a second boutique in Boston, where he sold some of the most modern European and Asian designers such as Issey Miyake, Giorgio Armani and Comme des Garcons next to his own collection of suits, shoes, knitwear and accessories for men and women. Alan Balzerian continues to be a go-to address for the most fashionable Boston population and visitors and has sold garments to many celebrities including Johnny Depp, Winona Ryder and Madonna.
Alber Elbaz, Moroccan-born Israeli fashion designer, born in 1961. He was best known for his role as the creative director of the French fashion house Lanvin from 2001 until 2015. Back in 1998, Elbaz started creating ready-to-wear women's clothing for Yves Saint Laurent. He quickly became the head designer of the fashion house when Saint Laurent retired.
Alberta Ferretti, Italian fashion designer, born 1950 in Cattolica. Ferretti started her carrier with a small fashion boutique called “Jolly” in 1968 and soon after began designing her own collections. In 1973 Ferretti, in co-operation with her brother, founded the fashion production concern Aeffe, which till today supplies fashion for famous brands such as Moschino and Jean Paul Gaultier. (more)
Lee Alexander McQueen, British fashion designer, lived from 1969 to 2010. McQueen was known for his unusual, dramatic and unconventional designs with shock tactics. The designer only got 41 years old since he committed suicide in February 2010. In 1996, McQueen worked as the head designer at Givenchy for five years before he founded his own labels - Alexander McQueen and McQ. His 'right hand' Sarah Burton took over the reins after McQueens death in 2010.
Alexander Wang, American fashion designer, born in 1984. Wang launched his namesake women's wear fashion label in 2007. He is known for his edgy, somewhat masculine women's wear designs. His fashion shows are renowned as being a highlight of the New York fashion week.
Alexis Bittar, American jewelry designer, born 1968 in Brooklyn, New York. During his study Alexis made his money by selling antique jewelry and vintage clothing on the streets of Lower Manhattan. At age 22, he decided to design his own line of costume jewelry, influenced by the antique collectible he grew up around. In 2004, Bittar opened his first jewelry boutique, located in SoHo, New York.
Alice + Olivia, American womenwear, ready-to-wear fashion label, launched in 2002 by Stacey Bandet. What started as Stacey's personal quest to create a flattering pair of form-fitting pants, had grown to a full women's ready-to-wear collection, including outerwear, dresses and a variety of perfect fitting pants.
Alix Barton aka Alix Grès or Madame Grès, French Haute-Couture fashion house, founded by Germaine Émilie Krebs in 1942. Krebs, who was a trained sculptress and lived from 1903 to 1993. The fashion house started off under the name Alix Barton with simple draped silk jersey dresses that showed the influence of her training as a sculptor. After the fashion house had been shut down during WWII, Grès started creating her famous Grecian pleated dresses and later tailored women’s suits with incorporated wrap. With some of her customers being the Duchess of Windsor, Marlene Dietrich and Jacqueline Kennedy, Grès didn’t want celebrities to wear her clothes, but women of culture. Her signature is hand-draped pleats, a bias cut away from the body and Greco-roman influences such as togas and capes.
Alix Grès, French Haute-Couture fashion house, founded by Germaine Émilie Krebs in 1942. Krebs, who was a trained sculptress and lived from 1903 to 1993, was also known as Alix Barton or Madame Grès. The fashion house started off under the name Alix Barton with simple draped silk jersey dresses that showed the influence of her training as a sculptor. After the fashion house had been shut down during WWII, Grès started creating her famous Grecian pleated dresses and later tailored women’s suits with incorporated wrap. With some of her customers being the Duchess of Windsor, Marlene Dietrich and Jacqueline Kennedy, Grès didn't want celebrities to wear her clothes, but women of culture. Her signature is hand-draped pleats, a bias cut away from the body and Greco-roman influences such as togas and capes.
Janina Alleyne, British footwear designer, based in London. Alleyne studied footwear design at DeMontfort University in Leicester before starting to create her own futuristic designs. Inspired by under water creatures and invertebrate animals she created her best known collection 'Exoskeleton' consisting of 3D printable, almost colorless high heels that are more beautiful and artistic than functional and practical. Her designs are more art than fashion and have won her different fashion design awards.
AllSaints aka AllSaints Spitalfields, British fashion retailer, founded in 1994 by Stuart Trevor and Kait Bolongaro. The London-based fashion brand began selling only menswear to wholesale prices to luxuries high-end retailers. Just one year later, AllSaints expended its brand with their womenswear collection. Meanwhile, it also sells footwear and accessories in several department stores and specialty boutiques across the UK, Europe and US.
Allude Cashmere, German Cashmere Label, founded 1999 by Andrea Karg in Munich. Allude is known worldwide for highest quality, luxurious and modern cashmere clothing. Under the instruction of the creative director and founder Andrea Karg, unique pieces and classics in shape of shirts, jackets, coats, skirts, dresses and pants are created, offering a timeless and modern wardrobe of high quality cashmere. Allude has attracted international publicity being featured in well-known fashion publications such as Vogue, ELLE, L’Officiel, Numero and Cosmopolitan and retails in over 700 high-end outlets including Le Bon Marché and Harvey Nichols. The brand remains based in Munich and continues to offer luxurious, sophisticated and modern cashmere clothing with love for detail.
Allure, women's beauty-based magazine, founded in 1991 by the magazine's editor-in-chief Linda Wells. Allure celebrated its 15th anniversary in 2006 and is published monthly by Condé Nast in New York City.
Imran Amed, British-Canadian business consultant, journalist, entrepreneur, founder and editor-in-chief of 'The Business of Fashion' (BOF). After receiving his MBA at Harvard business school Amed, who is of Indian descent but was born in Calgary, AB, moved to London in 2006 where he worked for the management consulting company McKinsey & Company. (more)
American Apparel, American fashion retailer, founded 1989 by Dov Charney. American Apparel started off as a wholesale textile company selling work clothing and uniforms to big companies. In 2003, AA established their retail business and has been since one of the fastest growing companies in the US and internationally with over 270 stores worldwide. AA produces all its clothing in Los Angeles and is against poorly paid sweatshop labor and a strong supporter of immigration rights. The retailer used to be known for basic wear such as t-shirts and underwear but has expanded to a broader offering. In October 2015, the fashion retailer filed for bankruptcy since it has been struggling with mounting debts and precipitous fall in sales for the last few years.
The 'American Look' describes a distinct style or outfit invented during the 1940s by American fashion designer Claire McCardell. During World War II, when European designer were almost inactive, McCardell started to design affordable but fashionable women's sportswear which later on became widely known as the 'American Look'. First and foremost, McCardell's designs were practical and allowed women to move easily in her bias-cut dresses and sweaters. Fabric-wise, the designer started using denim and wool jersey, which wasn't in general use back at the time. In retrospect, McCardell is somewhat of a pioneer of the fast fashion industry that evolved in the mid 1990s. She's qouted saying: "I belong to a mass production country where all of us deserve the right to good fashion".
American Rag, fashion boutique, founded 1984 by Mark Werts in Los Angeles. First a vintage store known for their great selection, American Rag over time has become one of the most fashionable boutiques in L.A. The retailer has started to expand with a second store in Newport Beach and has added international high-end brands to their selection. The retailer aims and continues to provide customers with everything needed to live a good life. American Rag has been internationally praised as one of the most trend setting and fashion forward retailers in the US.
Amsterdam Fashion Institute aka AMFI, part of Hogeschool van Amsterdam (HvA), Dutch University in Amsterdam. AMFI is known for high quality education and training while covering the entire fashion supply chain and thereby offering students unique insight into the business and experience with interdisciplinary cooperation.
Amy Smilovic, founder and head designer of the fashion label Tibi. Smilovic came up with the idea of her own fashion label while living in Hong Kong, where she was inspired by the local culture and textiles. The New York-based fashion label was founded in 1997 and is today found in stores, boutiques and upscale department stores worldwide including Bergdorf Goodman, Saks Fifth Avenue, Neiman Marcus, Bloomingdales, Net-a-Porter, only to mention a few.
Lars Andersson, Swedish knitwear designer. His namesake fashion label is based in New York City. The brand is known for its plain, urban knitwear styles.
André Oliver, French fashion designer, lived from 1932 to 1993. After studying at the École des Beaux-Arts and serving the French Army, Oliver joined the designer Pierre Cardins as his right hand and fellow creator and helped him expand his young business. Oliver worked as the head of the design team and designed the fashion house’s haute couture. The young designer also worked on Cardins first men’s collection, which was a big success in Europe and the US. The collection, that is based on the Edwardian look revolutionizes men’s fashion in England and the US in the 1960’s.
Paul Andrew, American Footwear label, founded 2012 by Paul Andrew. Andrew is currently one of the most spoken about footwear and accessory designers in the US. Showing early interest in women’s shoes, Andrew gathered all the information and experience he needed to establish his own brand during 15 years of working for top designers such as Alexander McQueen and Donna Karan. During the short time since founding his label in 2012, Paul Andrew has gained large popularity and respect. The shoe designer has won various design awards and in 2014 was the winner of the CFDA Fashion Fund. The label offers sexy yet comfortable and elegant hand-made shoes, which are made in Italy using the most advanced technology. Andrew’s brand continues to grow and is rumored to be one of the future leading footwear brands.
An angel sleeve is a sleeve that is created with an excessive amount of fabric that make the sleeves look wing-like when the arms are spread. Angel sleeves can reach anywhere from right below the elbow to covering the entire hand. Since the end of the Middle Ages, angel sleeves have not been considered very fashionable but are still occasionally used in modern mens and womenswear. College graduates for example wear robes with angel sleeves and the popular kimono sleeve is also a type of an angel sleeve.
An angled pocket is a pocket with an entrance that is neither horizontal nor vertical, but angled. One of the most common ones is the 1/4-top-pocket, found on pants.
Animal print in fashion imitates the pattern that is found on the skin or fur of an animal for either camouflage, communication or to scare away predators. Animal prints are an alternative to real fur or faux fur and can be used on almost any kind of garment. They have been popular for a long time since they look expensive and exotic and hence are a symbol for wealth and status. Animal prints also became very popular in the US in women’s fashion of the 1960s bohemian movement. The most common animal prints are zebra, tiger, leopard, cheetah, hyena and giraffe. They are mostly used on handbags and footwear but can be used on any kind of garment as well.
An ankle boot is a boot that has a shaft that only covers the foot and the ankle - also known as 'demi boot'. Ankle boots almost always have some kind of heel and are now produced in many different colors and styles. They are worn by women and men and haven’t gone out of style since the 19th century.
Ann Demeulemeester, Belgium fashion designer, born in 1959. She is the founder and creative mind of her successful namesake fashion label. What makes her different from other fashion designers is that she always creates her designs in a very dark, punk and almost scary way.
Anna Dello Russo, Italian-born fashion director of Vogue Nippon (Japan). Dello Russo approaches fashion through a distinctive quirk: she combines her outfits down to the smallest detail, as they were represented on the runway. Due to her amazing sense of fashion, she's become a fashion icon across the world.
Anna Sui, American fashion designer, born in 1952. Sui founded her namesake luxury fashion brand in 1991 and is well known for her timeless designs. Her collections are often inspired by her different historical and cultural interest.
Anna Wintour, British fashion editor, born in 1949. Wintour has been the editor-in-chief of the American Vogue Magazine since 1988. She became first interested in fashion as a young teenager. After she'd dropped out of school at the age of 16, Wintour made it to New York where she later got hired by well known publications such as 'New York Magazine' and 'Home and Garden'. Throughout her career, Wintour became widely know for her extraordinary taste of outstanding fashion as well as her overwhelming support of upcoming designers. Altough, her though character and professional attitude earnd her the nickname 'Nuclear Wintour'. In recent years Wintour even became an inspiration for the bestselling novel 'The Devil wears Prada', written by her former personal assistant Lauren Weisberger. The novel later on was used as as script for the namesake Hollywood blockbuster, starring Meryl Streep as Miranda Priestly.
Anne Claire, Italian Fashion Brand, established 1953 in Carrù, by the Chiecchio Family. Today managed by the third and fourth generation of the Chiecchio Family, Anne Claire continues to offer high quality womenswear with constant updates. The brand’s collection offers everything from couture to sporty chic, making it easy to find an outfit for any event. The clothes are designed with a focus on details, highest quality materials and workmanship, using modern technologies and the best Italian suppliers. Anne Claire offers urban romantic clothes to elegant and graceful women who appreciate high quality and embrace their femininity.
Anne Fogarty, American fashion designer, lived from 1919 to 1980. Fogarty started her design career in New York working as a model for the dressmaker Harvey Berin, who offered to train her as a dressmaker. Later she worked for Sheila Lynn and other fashion houses before getting a job at the Youth Guild that makes teenage dresses. Here she developed her Dior-inspired signature look of a full skirted dress worn over petticoats, later known as the paper doll silhouette, which had not been fashionable since the Edwardian Era. (more)
Anne Klein, American fashion designer, lived from 1923 to 1974. Klein is the founder of her namesake women's sportwear and apparel line Anne Klein. The fashion label was established in 1968 and was continued after her death by Donna Karan as a head designer in 1974. In 1985, Karan left Anne Klein to focus on her own line. Anne Klein and Co is currently owned by Jones Apparel Group.
Anthropologie, American retail store chain, owned by Urban Outfitters, Inc. Headquartered in Philadelphia, the brick & mortar offers women's ready-to-wear clothing and accessories and home furnishings.
Michael Antonio, fast-fashion footwear brand, founded in 1970. It offers contemporary dress shoes for fashion-conscious women around the world to affordable prices. Michael Antonio's trademark: sexy, modern, and edgy. The brand appeals to a broad range of women offering anything from stilettos, to sophisticated pumps and chic flats.
Antwerp Royal Academy of Fine Arts, founded 1663 by David Teniers the younger in Antwerp, Belgium. The Antwerp Royal Academy of Fine Arts is one oft he oldest and most prestigious of its kind. Since the 19th century it has attracted creative students from around the world and boasts successful graduates such as Dries van Noten, Martin Margiela and Vincent van Gogh. First known for its art, architecture and design, a fashion design course was established in 1963 and became the schools new focus. Today, many courses are offered at Antwerp Royal Academy of Fine Arts such as photography, graphic design, costume & fashion design and printmaking. Students are motivated to work with fashion in an innovative and highly creative manner in order to create art rather than a product of the fashion industry.
Aoi Kotsuhiroi, Japanese jewelry designer/artist. Kotsuhiroi is known for dark and sexy, yet elegant and attractive design for jewelry and shoes. Her designs are spiritual, inspired by religion, the Japanese art of bondage and fetishes. All of her pieces are one-of-a-kind 'feet objects' that are handcrafted out of expensive sustainable, organic materials such as human hair, elephant leather of animal horns that could also be seen as pieces of art.
Iris Apfel, American fashion icon, born 1921 in New York. After studying art at the University of Wisconsin, Apfel moved back to her hometown New York where she started working for the interior designer Elinor Johnson and Women’s Wear Daily. With her husband Carl Apfel she founded a textile company and started working on various design projects. Over the time Apfel became very well known for her style and huge round glasses. Today, she spreads the message of style around the US lecturing at universities and continues to be one of fashions biggest icons.
'Appliqué' is the French word for 'applied' and in fashion is the name for small ornaments or decorations applied to another surface. Appliqués usually are made by cutting pieces from one material and sewing them to the surface of a garment. The first appliqués were seen in form of patches to cover holes and tears in clothes. They can be used to create a design, pattern or picture. Appliqués are used excessively in quilting which is a mixture of patchwork and appliqués.
An apron is a piece of garment that is especially designed to cover and protect the front of the body. They usually were worn in the 13th century by both men and women. Today, they are also worn as a decorative accessory.
Apropos, German Concept Store, founded 1984 in Cologne by Klaus Ritzenhöfer and Daniel Riedo. Apropos is an internationally known concept store based in Cologne with stores in Hamburg, Duesseldorf and Munich. Combined with the restaurant Fischermanns, Apropos offers a lifestyle experience with more than garments, selling interior design, accessories, food and clothes. Only one year after opening the store in Cologne the retailer received the award of “Store of the Year” and since has continued to be highly successful. Apropos is known for selling high-end brands such as Diane von Furstenberg, Dior and Gucci and for their bright pink entrance and glass-roof patio.
Arden B., retailer of contemporary and fashionable classic apparel & accessories, headquartered in Foothill Ranch, California. Its customers are young, successful and sophisticated women with a simple, sexy and chic feel.
The argyle pattern is a pattern consisting of diamond shaped rectangles on a background of different color. Often a second pattern is designed on top of the diamonds. This second pattern in most cases consists of diagonally crossing lines in a contrasting color. This overlap of designs is supposed to give the pattern depth and 3-dimentionality.The argyle pattern originates in the tartan pattern that has been used on Scottish kilts and socks since the 17th century. Today, argyle patterns are popular on sweaters and socks.
Giorgio Armani aka Armani, Italian fashion designer, born in 1934. The designer founded his namesake fashion company in 1975 and was particularly noted for his menswear collection. Today, the Giorgio Armani brand is known for its clean, tailored lines and has 4 different diffusion lines: Emporio Armani, Armani Collezioni, Armani Jeans and Armani Exchange.
Armani Exchange, successful lifestyle and fashion line that belongs to the Giorgio Armani brand. Launched in 1991 in the U.S and well known for its provocative marketing ads, Armani Exchange offers their wearer a combination of street style and classic clothes to affordable prices.
Bernard Arnault, French businessman, born in 1949. He is the founder, chairman and CEO of LVMH, a large luxury goods conglomerate consisting of over 60 luxury sub-companies, including Louis Vuitton, Dior and Fendi. According to Forbes and Time Magazine, Bernard Arnault is the 'world's 7th richest person and one of the 100 most influential people in the world.'
Arthur S. Levine is a partner of fashion designer Elie Tahari. Since October 2011 the duo is also the investor of French fashion designer but New York-based womenswear label Catherine Malandrino. Levine concentrates more on licensing and other categories while Tahari is the creative head designer of the brand.
The ascot tie often referred to as day cravat as opposed to the elegant and formal dress cravat is a more casual neck tie that became popular in Great Britain in the early 20th century and was derived from the type of neck tie British dandies such as Beau Brummell used to wear in the early 19th century. An ascot tie is usually made of a light, more valuable printed fabric such as woven silk and is worn with wide pointed wings attached with a tie clip or pin over the chest.
ASOS, UK largest fashion & beauty online store, founded in 2000. Headquartered in Camden Town, an area in North London, the store offers women's and men's clothing, footwear and accessories for a target group between the ages of 16 and the mid 30's.
An asymmetric shoulder is a popular element in womenswear especially on blouses and dresses. Here the type of shoulder strap is not identical on both shoulders of the garment. A popular style of an asymmetric shoulder is the one-shoulder dress, which only has one shoulder strap.
The asymmetric style is a style used in fashion, styling and is characterized by both sides of a garment, style, hairstyle etc. lacking symmetry.
Atelier is the French word for 'workshop' and is used to describe the room a photographer, sculptor, designer or any creative artist works in. Ateliers as we know them today were first used in the Middle Ages and were common in North America and Western Europe. In the past ateliers were also used to teach students of the fine arts from the Middle Ages to the 19th century. Ateliers are usually on the top floor of buildings and houses for better lighting and have windows pointed towards the North for constant lighting.
Atelier, Fashion Boutique, founded by Karlo Steel in 2002. Atelier is the go-to fashion boutique when it comes to street-goth fashion in New York. The store, that sells womens- and menswear is specialized on designers such as Rick Owens, Ann Demeulemeester and Yohji Yamamoto and has become known as a trendsetter for this type of fashion. The store closed temporarily due to financial problems but has re-opened in Soho’s prestigious Hudson Street.
Atrium, fashion boutique, founded 1994 in New York. Atrium is located on Broadway in New York’s Noho and is designed to resemble an old train station. The boutique offers a wide selection of modern hip-hop and rock inspired designs by established as well as up-and-coming labels. Atrium is especially a go-to store for jeans-lovers as they offer a large selection of different labels, designs, fits and finishes, some of which are exclusive to the store.
Christian Audigier, French fashion designer and entrepreneur, born 1958 in Southern France. Audigier founded his clothing brand Ed Hardy in 2004 and immediately gained international fame after using licensed artwork of tattoo pioneer Don Ed Hard. Before establishing his own brand, Audigier had been working as a fashion designer and entrepreneur, consulting over 100 fashion labels worldwide, including Diesel, Levi’s and Lee. He sold Ed Hardy in 2011 to the Iconix Brand Group for an estimated 62 Million Dollars.
Azzedine Alaia, Tunisian couturier and shoe-designer, born in 1940. The designer is working in fashion since the 1980′s. By 1988, Alaia had opened boutiques in New York, Beverly Hills and Paris. Known for his enticing clothes, the media gave him the nickname: ‘The King of Cling’. To this day, the Tunisian-born designer fights down any attempt to get acquired by one of the huge luxury conglomerates and continues his successful work as an independent fashion designer.