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    Elsa Schiaparelli

    Elsa Schiaparelli, Italian fashion designer, lived from 1890 to 1973. Alongside ‘Coco Chanel‘, the Italian designer is recognized as one of the most influential fashion figures in the 1920s and 1930s. Schiaparelli started off with a collection of knitwear in 1927, in which she used a certain double layered stitching technique that was created by Armenian fugitives. Besides her knitwear approach, Schiaparelli was particularly influenced by Surrealists like the famous painter Salvador Dalí. Hence, she became the first designer ever to feature sweaters with surrealist trompe l’oeil images. After Schiaparelli’s career came to an abrupt stillstand during World War II, the Italian designer couldn’t quite adjust to the changes in fashion after 1945, which by then was mainly influenced due to Christian Dior’sNew Look‘. As a result, Schiaparelli terminated her business in 1954.

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