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    The Top 15 Fashion Jargons

    Hey guys, every industry has its own jargon and abbreviations for some commonly used terms, so does the fashion industry. Today, I’d like to introduce you to our most popular used jargon, 15 terms to be specific.

    If you miss some or would love to dive into the realm of fashion jargons a bit deeper, check out FAD – The Ultimate Fashion Dictionary. Our very own iPhone Fashion App lists all notable fashion jargon’s in great detail.

    Fashion Backstage, Fashion behind the Scene, Industry Talk, Latest Fashion News, Newsroom, Ranking, speak fashion, speakfashion, speaking fashion, fashion jargon

    1_Prêt-à-porter

    Prêt-à-porter is a French word and means ready-to-wear (off-the-rack or off-the-peg in casual use or British English). It is also the term for factory-made or mass-produced clothing, sold in finished condition and in standard sizes.

    2_Haute Couture

    Haute Couture is a French word and means high sewing or high dressmaking. It refers to the creation of exclusive custom-fitted clothing. Haute couture is usually made out of high-end and therefore expensive fabrics. The designs are always sewn with attention to detail and finish which is often a very time-consuming process.

    3_Demi-Couture

    Demi-couture is a French word and means literally translated ‘half-couture’. Since it relates to the fashion term ‘haute couture‘, custom-made high sewing, the more detailed version of its meaning would be “half-custom-made women’s clothing.” Due to the ‘demi’ (= half) in front of the ‘couture’ the term demi-couture is more classified under ready-to-wear in the fashion business.

    4_Fast Fashion

    The term ‘Fast Fashion’ describes a retail model of distributing fashion design trends both quickly and cheaply to a mass audience. Besides its distribution related meaning the term basically refers to the speed of how fast designer clothes seen on the runways around the globe get copied and interpreted by today’s mainstream retail stores. The philosophy of fast fashion producers is to give less affluent but fashion interested people an opportunity to shop contemporary designs to a reasonable price. ‘Zara‘ has always been spearheading this approach, although there were other brands before, such as ‘Benetton‘, trying to push the concept into the fashion market. Today, fast fashion retailers surround us everywhere through brands like Primark, Forever 21 or H&M. The latter caused sudden upheaval when it announced its first fast fashion co-operation with a high-end designer in 2004, featuring a special Karl Lagerfeld edition at selected ‘H&M’ stores.

    5_High Fashion

    High fashion aka high sewing or high dressmaking is translated from the French word ‘haute couture‘ and refers to the creation of exclusive custom-fitted clothing. Haute couture is usually made out of high-end and therefore expensive fabrics. The designs are always sewn with attention to detail and finish which is often a very time-consuming process.

    6_LBD

    LBD is an abbreviation for the ‘Little Black Dress‘ which was invented by the famous 1920s fashion designer Coco Chanel in 1926. It is an evening or cocktail dress cut simply and often quite short, intended to be long-lasting, versatile, affordable, accessible to the widest market possible and in a neutral color – black. See also LWD.

    7_LWD

    In fashion LWD stands for ‘Little White Dress’. It is often quite short, cut simple and always white. A LWD is simply the opposite of a LBD (Little Black Dress) which was invented by famous fashion icon Coco Chanel in 1926.

    8_Ready-to-wear

    Ready-to-wear (RTW) which also means in a casual use off-the-rack or off-the-peg, is the translation of the French word prêt-à-porter. It is also the term for factory-made or mass-produced clothing, sold in finished condition and in standard sizes.

    9_Warp & Weft

    Warp and weft are the terms used for the vertical and horizontal yarns in a fabric. Warp (weaving) is the set of horizontal, lengthwise yarns that are held in tension on a frame or loom. Weft (woof) is the term for the yarn which is drawn through (vertical) the warp yarns to create cloth.

    10_Runway

    A runway is usually a strip of land at an airport where airplanes can take off or land on. That term is also used for the flat, straight area used in fashion-shows where models display the newest collections. Sometimes the term ‘Catwalk‘ is synonymously used to describe a runway as well. The latter term became recently known to a broader audience through the TV series ‘Project Runway’, presented by former celebrity model Heidi Klum.

    11_Catwalk

    A catwalk is a small string of elevated platform generally used as a stage for models to present clothes and accessories to a large, on-site audience. Sometimes the term ‘runway’ is synonymously used to describe a catwalk as well. The latter term became recently known to a broader audience through the TV series ‘Project Runway’, presented by former celebrity model Heidi Klum.

    12_Off-the-rack

    Off-the-peg or off-the-rack is a casual alternative for ready-to-wear and a translation of the French word prêt-à-porter. It is also the term for factory-made or mass-produced clothing, sold in finished condition and in standard sizes.

    13_Off-the-peg

    Off-the-peg or off-the-rack is a casual alternative for ready-to-wear and a translation of the French word prêt-à-porter. It is also the term for factory-made or mass-produced clothing, sold in finished condition and in standard sizes.

    14_High Dressmaking

    High dressmaking aka high sewing or high fashion is translated from the French word ‘haute couture‘ and refers to the creation of exclusive custom-fitted clothing. Haute couture is usually made out of high-end and therefore expensive fabrics. The designs are always sewn with attention to detail and finish which is often a very time-consuming process.

    15_Hipster

    Hipster refers to a subculture of young middle class adults and older teenagers that appeared in the 1990s. The term itself was invented during the jazz age, when ‘hip’ was used as an adjective to describe a cool and upcoming scene or eventually effortless cool urban clothes. Not sure were exactly the term came from, some believe it was a derivative of ‘hop’, a slang term for opium, while others say it comes from the African word ‘hipi’, which means ‘to open one’s eyes’.

    Related Articles:
    1_Latest Fashion News: FAD – The Ultimate Fashion Dictionary
    2_LBD in speakfashion’s fashion dictionary
    3_Fashion Backstage: Interview w/Pattern Maker Werkstatt


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